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Depression is an illness due to chemical imbalance in the brain. It is not a sign of personal weakness or something that you can “snap-out”of it. It is common and a treatable condition. Undiagnosed and untreated, depression can ruin your life and your future. Many suicide cases are committed by people who were depressed and untreated.

Recognizing Depression

Depression is more than feeling depressed. If you have 5 or more of the following symptoms for more than 2 weeks, you may be suffering from Depression. Seek professional help if you have experienced the following symptoms:

  • Extreme sadness*
  • Loss of interest in usual activities*
  • Feeling of hopelessness, worthlessness and guilt
  • Poor concentration
  • Fatigue
  • Mentally or physically slow or agitation
  • Appetite – decrease/increase
  • Sleep changes – decrease/increase
  • Suicidal thoughts


Post-Partum Depression is depression after childbirth due to the sudden drop in hormones (Estrogen and Progestrone) in the body. It affects the ability of the mother to care and bond with the new born baby and caring for other children.

Depression can also be part of Bipolar Disorder which is a mood disorder characterized by episodes of emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression) which are different from the normal ups and downs that people go through.

Treating Depression

  1. Medication with anti-depressants. It may take 2-3 weeks for the medication to take effect.
  2. Counseling and/or Psychotherapy to correct negative thought patterns and maladaptive behaviours.
  3. Electro-Convulsive Therapy (ECT) may be needed for severe depression not responsive to treatment.


Reference : National Institute of Mental Health, US